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Baďan – Podsitnianske Days of Plenty

15. 8. 2014

Specifications

Keywords

Sep

Festive dress, Rest Days and Celebrations

Geographical area

Sep

Banská Štiavnica

The village of Baďan is situated in Central Slovakia in the Banská Štiavnica district. Podsitnianske Days of Plenty is an event that connects several villages of the microregion.

During the festival, each village organises various activities based on presentation of traditional cultural elements, mainly related to family or calendar riruals, traditional occupations and crafts, agriculture etc. The village of Badaň is one of active villages that takes part in the festival regularly. The presentation of the traditional wedding in 2012 was a successful attempt to demonstrate a set of rituals and ceremonial acts that used to be part of each wedding ceremony in the past. Both active and passive participants (wedding „actors“ and visitors) are involved in all segemnts of the wedding ceremonies.

 

Locality Baďan, The Hont Region Slovakia
Time Annually, an August weekend
History (cyclicality) Since 2001
Organizer The municipality of Baďan
Realisation team The municipality of Baďan
Target group Local inhabitants, visitors
Traditional culture elements
Presentation of traditional cultural elements. The theme may change every year. For instance, in 2012, the theme of the festival was wedding. Visitors became active participants of the wedding in outdoor spaces of the village – they were decorated by a wedding feather, tasted a local wedding soup and other meals. The key figure „starejší“ (a ritual function of the wedding leader) organised and guided all elements of traditional wedding.
Ethnographic criterion At the wedding, all typical features of local ceremony were presented, however, most of folk costumes used by active participants were from various villages of a broader Podpoľanie region. Presentation of the traditional wedding reflected a set of rituals, folklore expressions and symbols that are no more used, but are revitalised in a new form as part of a local /regional tradition and identity.
Environmental criterion Presented phenomena are in full harmony with local environment (open air public spaces, open yards and houses of local people offering traditional culinary specialities.
Cultural-historical criterion The wedding presentation has been an attempt to revitalise an old traditional wedding with all its important milestones (set of rituals, ceremonial speeches, wedding parade with horses, folk songs and dances).
Aesthetic criterion The wedding takes place in a part of the village with protected folk architecture; the village is decorated, most of participants are dressed in folk costumes.
Ethical criterion No conflict.
Psychological criterion Presentation of the wedding promotes local identity and pride of the citizens in local traditions.

Photo by © Jolana Darulová

 

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