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Cultural landscape in Slovenia

11. 9. 2013

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Cultural landscape

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Slovenia

Cultural landscapes in Slovenia

Cultural landscape is a natural landscape modified by humans and reflects diverse natural and socio-cultural factors. Natural elements significantly contributed to shape Slovenian cultural landscapes, especially where they restricted human activity. Slovenia lies on the crossroads of the Alpine, Mediterranean, Pannonian and Dinaric region and is the meeting point of German, Roman, Hungarian and Slavic culture. This natural and cultural richness lead to a diversity of cultural landscapes which are mainly divided into Alpine (with houses with steep roofs, mountain settlements, pastures, cattle breeding, dairying, etc.), Pannonian (low houses, large fields, vineyards, orchards, pottery, weaving), Dinaric or Central Slovenian (farming and cattle breeding, vineyards, hops plantations) and Mediterranean cultural landscape (stone houses, vineyards, olive plantations, fishery, sheep breeding, salt production, stone craft). Modernization caused gradual abandonment of traditional activities and therefore significant changes in cultural landscapes.The Alpine cultural landscape is idyllically presented with the village Čadrg in

 

The Alpine cultural landscape is idyllically presented with the village Čadrg in the Municipality of Tolmin in the Severna Primorska/North Littoral region (northwestern part) of Slovenia. It lies in the Triglav National Park and is characterised by cattle breeding and dairying. Cattle graze in the nearby mountain pastures. This is a view of the village from the Čadrg peak. (Photo: Jani Kutin, 2010.)

 

 

Vineyards in Bela krajina/White Carniola are the example of Pannonian cultural l

 

Vineyards in Bela krajina/White Carniola are the example of Pannonian cultural landscape. Although the area is not known for high quality wines, famers preserve the vineyards and make white and red wines which are presented and evaluated at the annual festival “Vinska vigred/Wine spring” in Metlika. The most famous wine from the region is red wine "Metliška črnina".  (Photo: Saša Babič, 2013.)

 

 

Pannonian cultural landscape is characterised by vineyards and vine houses. Each

Pannonian cultural landscape is characterised by vineyards and vine houses. Each farm in Bela krajina/White Carniola still owns a vineyard house which is generally used for storing the tools and wine. Some of them are transformed into weekend houses, although even new owners from other regions still maintain wine-growing and make wine for themselves. (Photo: Saša Babič, 2013.)

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