Skip navigation

Portal into a Timeless World

Article

Emmaus Ritual in Bóly – Folk Tradition of Easter Monday

15. 8. 2014

Specifications

Keywords

Sep

Easter

Geographical area

Sep

Baranya

MapSepShow on map

The Easter Monday Emmaus Ritual is an over a 100-year-old ethnic German tradition with a biblical theme still actively practiced in the small town of Bóly (Baranya County) in the southern part of Hungary.

On this day following the morning Holy Mass on Calvary Hill with the Stations of the Cross, families and friends gather at the wine cellars of the local family vineyards to eat the traditional feast and sample each other’s wines. Passersby are also invited in to enjoy the traditional Easter foods and partake in the merriment, singing and outdoor games for the young and old. The custom has been inscribed on the National Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Hungary in 2011.

Locality Bóly, Baranya County
Hungary
Time Easter Monday
History (cyclicality) Over a 100-year-old tradition performed every year
Organizer Local community and local government of Bóly
Realisation team Local community
Target group Local community and visitors, including a considerable number of tourists, as well as relatives and friends from afar.
Traditional culture elements

The unspoken symbolism and essence of the underlying biblical Emmaus story is: I invite you to my table to show you who I am.

On Easter Monday after the mass families and friends gather in the wine cellars of local family vineyards to eat a traditional feast and sample each other’s wines. Passersby are also invited to enjoy traditional Easter foods (ham, boiled eggs, horse radish, and festive cakes) and partake in the merriment, singing and outdoor games for the young and old.

Ethnographic criterion The custom is continuous. After the settlement had been declared to a city (1997) more people got involved in the tradition, and this became an important event not only for the local community, but also for tourists. The Emmaus Ritual is a unique event in the local and regional cultural life.
Environmental criterion
The festivities are held at the wine-cellars of Bóly,
121
forming a protected unit, the so-called wine-cellar village.
Cultural-historical criterion The Emmaus ritual gradually developed in the ethnic German community settled here in the 1700 (then constitutes 90 percent of the total population). The ethnic Hungarians relocated from southern Czechoslovakia following World War II have also adopted the tradition, as have the families later arriving from Germany.
Aesthetic criterion N/A
Ethical criterion There is no ethical problem
Psychological criterion The tradition of local inhabitants inviting each other to their homes provides an opportunity for the people of the community to get to know each other, to strengthen the existing ties and to establish new ones. The Emmaus ritual in Bóly is an important element of the local identity.

Photos by © Gábor Máté

The correctness of the information above is guaranteed by the ETNOFOLK Portal.