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Folk art – painting, sculpture, grave-stones…

11. 9. 2013




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Slovenian folk art

Slovenian folk art started developing at the time of Slavic settlement, middle-age colonisations and development of the first towns. Paintings, sculptures and interior decorations have been more massively produced from the 2nd half of the 18th century; before they were rare, mostly owned by wealthier individuals. Art’s products for peasants, bourgeoisie and church were mainly distinguished by the quality of the material, production, decorations and price. From the iconographic point of view, folk artists were mostly influenced by motives from sacral and profane art of higher social classes; their creativity also depended upon the wealth and communication possibilities. The most known Slovenian example of folk art is beehives. From the 2nd half of the 19th century, art industry started to influence folk art. Today it is still preserved in traditional crafts and modern artistic creativity.

The »Adléšička pisánica« is a three or two coloured, ornamented, later blown out Easter egg characteristic for the area around the village Adlešiči in Bela krajina/White Carniola. (Photo: Siniša Borovičanin, 2010.)


Pisačice”, women who create »pisánica«, Easter egg typical for Adlešiči and its vicinity in Bela krajina/White Carniola, still decorate the eggs in the batik technique that originates from East Asia and North Africa. The patterns are mostly geometrical, although they also use floral patterns and writing to decorate the eggs. (Photo: Siniša Borovičanin, 2010.)




The ornaments of traditional Easter eggs from the Adlešiči area in Bela krajina/White Carniola are drawn on the shell around the egg with a special pen “pisač”, filled with melted wax. The egg is then dunked into red colour. After another pattern is added, the egg is immersed in black dye. The waxed patterns keep the original white or red colour. (Photo: Siniša Borovičanin, 2010.)




Slovenian Easter eggs from Adlešiči and its vicinity in Bela krajina/White Carniola are one of the most artistic examples in Europe. They are decorated with straight, undulating and zigzag lines, crosses, spirals, triangles, circles, dots, hearts, dotted triangular or square shaped boxes. In some cases various flower twigs and blossoms (lilies of the valley), motifs of various ferns, spruce twigs, “steljice”, which is a stylised branch of sweet roots (Polypodium vulgare), are also used to decorated the eggs. (Photo: Siniša Borovičanin, 2010.)




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