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Portal into a Timeless World

Article

Homestead Bežaj

14. 8. 2014

Specifications

Keywords

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Traditional architecture

Geographical area

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Slovenia

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Building interiors reflect general economic, social and cultural developments as well as natural conditions, which affect the form of the building, the way of life and its quality. The historical development is significantly connected with the use of fire and the development of the kitchen; in Slovenia, different historical types of kitchen (hearth, smoke room, black and stove kitchen, white kitchen) are still preserved.

Until the 19th century, the differences among interiors were especially visible in noble and farm houses; villages, markets and towns; later also in bourgeoisie and workers (mining) houses. The size of the living space, number of beds and other furniture, lights, useful and decorative objects were the most obvious signs of inhabitants’ social status; and they still remain up till now, along with the location and type of the house or apartment. The Bežaj homestead shows typical architecture and dwelling culture of the middle well-off farm in the second half of the 19th century in the Upper Vipava Valley. The living part of the homestead is inseparably connected with the outbuildings. It is situated in front of the barn and above the cellar. It consists of the main living space called “hiša” with an open fireplace, a vestibule, a room and the pantry.

 

Locality Podbreg by Podnanos in the Vipava valley, Slovenia
Time Permanent
History (cyclicality) The year 1862 is chiselled on the stone lintel above the main entrance. Until 1989 the homestead was inhabited by the Bratož siblings: Anton, Hana and Marička. After their death, the homestead was inherited by their nephew, Bruno Bratož. Since 1989, the Bratož family who lives in the nearby settlement of Podnanos is in charge of the homestead and takes care of the preserved architectural and dwelling heritage.
Organizer Bratož family
Realisation team Bratož family
Target group Local community, school and student groups
Traditional culture elements Traditional architecture and dwelling culture
Environmental criterion Since it is an example of historical architecture and dwelling culture of this particular landscape, it is in harmony with the characteristic environmental features of the Upper Vipava Valley.
Ethnographic criterion The homestead is an example of typical architecture and dwelling culture of the middle well-off farm in the second half of the 19th century in the Upper Vipava valley. It is an element of the cultural image of the place.
Cultural-historical criterion Historical continuity of similar architectural and elements of a dwelling culture in the Vipava Valley.
Aesthetic criterion  
Ethical criterion Selected practice is in harmony with human rights, animal rights, dignity and morals.
Psychological criterion The phenomenon is part of the local, regional and national identity because it shows typical architecture and dwelling culture of the farm in the second half of the 19th century in the Upper Vipava Valley. It is in harmony with local consciousness and awareness.

Photo by © Špela Ledinek Lozej

 

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