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  • Hortobágy Bridge Fair 47.648648, 21.186383

    The Hortobágy Bridge Fair was first organised in the 19th century as an animal fair. Through the years more and more craftsmen visited the fair. The tradition was renewed in 1978, and has been organized annually ever since. As the fair is a gathering event for herdsmen, it helps to preserve the traditions of animal husbandry and the related crafts. The importance of the fair is strengthened by the fact that Hortobágy and the 9-hole Bridge are important elements of the Hungarian identity.

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  • The Goat Cheese Farm 49.970582, 15.324878

    Farm Nový Dvůr is an organic farming company founded in 2006, located near Česká Lípa (Northern Bohemia), which introduces traditional goat milk and other dairy products to the daily menu and life. In recent years, goat milk products have gained much popularity, and as such have again become a part of the daily diet.

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  • Ethnographic Collection Pr’ Mnčknih 46.151241, 14.995463

    Volunteers coordinated by the Slovene Ethnological Society, the Ethnographic collection Palčeva šisa and the Museum of Ribnica arranged an exhibition in the old barn in the Trava village. This was done upon the request of Marta Steiner, who decided to name the collection after an old house name Pr’ Mnčknih.

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  • The Gyűrűfű Eco-Village, Hungarian Living Villages 47.162494, 19.503304

    Gyűrűfű Foundation (www.gyurufu.hu) is an independent environmental organisation focusing its activity on the local watershed situated in the southern hills of Zselic. The foundation was registered in 1991, and has no affiliation to any of the political parties or business enterprises except those established by the eco-villagers. The mission of the organisation is to develop a well-founded, realistic and feasible small scale model of human subsistence with an emphasis on environmental and ecological considerations, taking rural areas, hamlets, villages and agricultural farms as the first priority.

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  • Horse breeding Turgenev

    Horse breeding - mainly used to obtain tractive force, later for transportation purposes. It relates usually to the pack horses (Equus caballus). At the end of the Neolithic period and in the early Bronze Age, horses came to the area of central Europe. Until the turn of the 10th and 11th century the number of horses was relatively low, after which it started to increase. From the 18th century state stud farms began to appear. Horses were extensively used until the 19th century, when their breeding began to decline slowly. By the mid-20th century there was a rapid decrease in the number of horses bred. Today horses are bred mainly for sport, to a lesser extent for labour (wood transport in forests), tourism or representative purposes. In the Czech lands the Kladruby horse, Lipizzan horse, the Thoroughbred horse, and the Czech and Moravian horses have been bred. Less serious diseases and injuries were treated by blacksmiths, whereas severe conditions in more recent times were treated by vets.

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  • Fishery

    Fishery - A set of human activities related to fishing and fish farming for food. In the Czech lands the most frequent species has traditionally been carp and to a lesser extent trout. Fishing has been carried out since Palaeolithic times; ponds began to emerge in the middle Ages (13th century) when new fish species, mainly carps, started to be farmed. Carp became an important part of folk diet (it is consumed on the Christmas Eve). The development of fish farming in the Czech lands is attributed mainly to dam builders from the beginning of the 16th century (Štěpánek Netolický and Jakub Krčín from Jelčany). After the Thirty Years War, this means of livelihood declined, however, in the mid-19th century due to new methods introduced by Josef Šusta, fish farming flourished again. The current state of fish production has been maintained since the interwar period. The method used most commonly has been damming and catching (forbidden since the late 19th century), catching by various trapping tools, baskets, hooks and fish lines, hemp nets or by draining ponds.

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  • Small animals breeding

    Small animals breeding - refers to poultry, rabbit, pigeon, dog and cat breeding. Within the folk tradition it was rather a complementary breeding. Poultry was bred mainly for eggs, meat, fat, feathers and poultry excrements used as manure. Poultry is divided into gallinaceous (domestic fowl, hen) and aquatic poultry (ducks, geese). Aquatic poultry, and to a lesser extent hens, were used for feather plucking. In folk culture small animals had important symbolic value as well. Cats were bred to catch rodents, dogs for guarding (e. g. livestock guarding), pigeons for meat and manure.

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  • Sheep breeding Ovčárna

    Sheep breeding is part of the livestock sector. In the Czech lands farm sheep were widely raised (meat, milk), later merino sheep (wool). Seasonally sheep were herded in the sluice, respectively in a "kosar". In the regions of Moravia (Wallachia) and Silesia a special type of extensive seasonal breed, which is called the alpine dairy was used.

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  • Viticulture Troja

    Viticulture - agricultural branch dealing with growing and cultivation of grapes and winemaking. In the Czech lands viticulture emerged along with the spread of Christianity in the 10th century. The region of South Moravia offers better growing conditions; historically there have always been more vineyards in this area. Originally Danube grape varieties were grown, later Burgundy and Austrian varieties were included. Grapes represent a frequent folk motif.

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