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  • How to cook Etnofolk

    Dokumentary movie "How to cook Etnofolk" presents each project partner and shows examples of data included in the Etnofolk.

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  • Cultural landscape

    At the time the Hungarians came into the Carpathian-basin (in the 9th and 10th century), the land has still preserved its original, pristine state: the settlement area was characterised by wooded steppe on the Great Plain and oak forests in the hillsides. Transformation of the native landscape was initially represented mainly by deforestation: primarily land for farming was eked out this way in the 10-15th centuries, and timber was felled for early mining operations and industrial activities.

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  • Traditional architecture

    Traditional Hungarian building is extremely varied, the forms, structure and materials of houses and outbuildings were shaped by the natural environment on one hand and by a variety of cultural influences on the other. Primarily based on ground layout and firing equipment, ethnography established 5-7 characteristic regional types of houses in the Hungarian language area, which were developed in the 18th-19th century, while the second part of the 19th century and the 20th century brought about the fading of regional differences.

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  • Building interior, yard

    The distribution of the residential building and outhouses in traditional Hungarian settlements was shaped by certain agricultural techniques, social relations and cultural influences, beside the natural environment. Farm buildings (stable, barn, shed) were aligned behind the residential building in many places, in the East the barn, used for obtaining grains as well as for storage stood in transverse direction in the farmyard, while in the most part of the Great Plain, where no threshing was practiced, but corn was tread, no barn was constructed at all.

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  • Folk art – paintings, sculpture, grave-stones

    Hungarian ethnography sees all and any piece of art as folk art, which was created by peasant and tribal societies for their own needs based on their special traditions. In a wider sense, folk-poetry, folk music, folk dance, traditional costumes and vernacular decorative art all belong to folk art. Hungarian ethnography systematised folk art according to materials and technique such as: folk architecture, furniture making, wood carving and ceramics, folk weave (hand-woven fabric), embroidery, costumes, furthermore lace, bone work, painting, horny works and stone carving.

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  • Folk customs and religious life

    In Hungarian ethnography, as a rule of thumb, habits and customs, the rules and systems of weekdays and holidays established historically and regulating social life, work, social relationships and caring for the environment are considered to be folk customs.

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  • Folk costume

    Folk costume Traditional peasant costumes express the social status, age, marital status of the bearer and the various festive occasions they are worn on; local varieties often display different grades of historical development. Men’s wear was abandoned usually sooner than that of women; a typical piece of costume is however the Cifraszűr (long, decorated embroidered cloak of Hungarian shepherds), which has become a national symbol after the Freedom Fight of 1848 and 1849, and a favourite garment of peasant males up to the beginning of the 20th century.

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  • Handicrafts

    More straightforward wooden implements were prepared by the head of the family in traditional peasant farms, while processing of linen and hemp and production of clothing was the task for women. Skilled shepherds and peasant men also produced nicely decorated bone and horn objects beside wooden tools. Peasant specialists were called in for preparing shingles or thatching the roof, making ovens, plastering up, weaving wicker-work, while more complicated commodities were purchased from qualified craftsmen.

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  • Byliny v lidovém léčitelství Podběl lékařský

    Byliny v lidovém léčitelství označují soubor rostlin, které se využívaly v lidovém léčitelství za účelem uzdravení nemocných nebo jedinců, kteří došli k závěru, že jsou pod vlivem magie. Využívání bylin v lidové léčitelství se vyvíjelo souběžně se stupněm jejich poznání, se zkušenostmi lidí při jejich přípravě a používání. V průběhu doby lidé postupně odhalovali různé léčebné postupy, které byly úspěšně aplikované v léčbě řady fyzických i psychických onemocnění. Mnohé byliny byly používány i na několik nemocí najednou.

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  • Pentecostal church decorating in Mende

    In Mende, eight poplar trees decorated with ribbons, embroidered and crocheted scarves are erected in the central aisle of the church for the Pentecost. The church service takes place with the congregation under the decorated trees. The three-day celebration was originally part of the local ethnic Slovak community’s traditions but the non-Slovak Catholics and Lutherans in Mende and the surrounding villages also participate. The custom has been inscribed on the National Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Hungary in 2011.

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  • Tikverőzés' ritual in Moha - masked carnival tradition

    The Chicken-hitting tradition is connected to the last day of the Carnival season, also known as Shrove Tuesday. Young men in the village of Moha (in Fejér County, west-central Hungary) gather together, don traditional masquerades and proceed from house to house soliciting donations of food.

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  • Baroque travels of czech pilgrims to the upper Hungarian Šaštín Poutní okruh Šaštín 48.651057, 17.143764

    Among the frequently visited Marian sites of pilgrimage was also the town of Šaštín in Slovakia which was a destination for processions from the Czech, Moravian-Silesian territory soon after 1732. One of the motivating incentives for undertaking pilgrimages was the fact that the pieta of Šaštín’s Seven Sorrows of the Virgin was considered the Madonna that worked miracles. After all, there is plenty of evidence to support this in the form of manuscripts and printed miracle books dating back to 1732–1794.

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  • History of slovakian pilgrimage place Šaštín and Šaštíns´ collections of miracles Šaštín - zázraky u českých poutníků. 48.642891, 17.144451

    The origine of basilica comes from 1736, when monks of st. Paul - paulines builded the church, which was designed by Matej Vepi. Today is monastery under the administration of the Salesian Order. Permission to adorate of the statue of Seven Sorrows of the Virgin from 1564 gave archbishop Imrich Esterházy in the year 1732. The official list of processions of the Olomouc diocese of 1771 turned out to be beneficial for mapping out the late Baroque tradition from the Czech lands to upper Hungarian Šaštín. This list appeared in response to the Imperial Ordinance of 1771 which laid down that records should be kept of all pilgrimages and processions organised in the Olomouc diocese. The resulting product of the imperial rescript became written material which recorded the situation based on the answers received from 59 deaneries. The collected data showed which deaneries and parishes pilgrimages were made from to Šaštín, to which feasts these pilgrimages applied, and they also recorded information about the distances.

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  • Romany people in the Czech Republic Romský tábor

    Romany people are traditional czech minority. Romanies appeared in the Czech lands around the year 1417. From the 15th century were in the Bohemia and Moravia Romanies´groups more frequently. By degrees was nomadic styl of Romanies Life non accepted. Josef II. started making an attempt to settle this people in Hungaria and Moravia. In the 19. century did still exist groups of nomadic or semi nomadic Romanies in the Czech lands. After creation of the Czechoslovac Republic (1918) were Romanies accepted like independent national minority. During the existence of the Protectorate of Bohemia nad Moravia (1939–1945) was published law of obligatory of settle of all nomadic or semi nomadic people and the majority of czech Romanies was sended to detention camps in Lety by Písek and in Hodonín by Kunštát and then to concentration camps. Czech lands were after WW2 almost without Romany people. During the 2. half of 20th Century were comming to the Czech lands spontaneus and controlled migrations from Slovakia. Communistic regime made plans for assimilation of Romanies. Romany people no had status of official minority. In the year 1969 was created Union of Gypsies-Romanies in the ČSSR, but this Union was after some years canceled. The situation was changed in the 90´s. Romanies are now full national minority with own political parties and have many organizations. Problems in the coexistence of Czechs and Romanies try to solve czech government more then 20 years but without well marked results.

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  • Folk music and dance

    Hungarian folk music and folk dance has become particularly versatile and rich in styles over the centuries as a result of the historical and geographic conditions of the country. The Hungarians, in their efforts to integrate into Medieval Europe, used and transformed their pentatonic, fifth construction (Ob Ugrian and Ancient Turk) musical mother tongue further, absorbing tunes from European music, religious and secular alike, while the most recent, dome-shaped Hungarian folk tune formed in the 18th and 19th centuries.

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  • ETNOFOLK project conference and workshop took place in Banská Bystrica Konference o lidové zbožnosti

    The conference on traditional beliefs and workshop on good practices in preservation of cultural heritage organized in frame of ETNOFOLK project took place on October 7th and 8th in Banská Bystrica. The event was organized by Matej Bel University.

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  • House of Krkonoše (Giant Mountains) Krkonošský dům

    House of Krkonoše is traditional form of the House of Nort west Bohemia. Farmsteads are usually log with whitewashed chings and with highs steeps roofs. Houses walls were painted with various colours - blue, red, grey and green.

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  • House of střední Polabí (Middle Elbe region) střední Polabí

    House of střední Polabí is subtype of House of North East Bohemia. This kind of house is located in lowland and fertile region around the river Labe (Elbe). Farmsteads have pocked out shield, which made s.c. "podsíň" (space in front of the house but still under the roof). House is usually plastered and whitewashed.

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  • House of Volary Volary

    House of Volary is separate form of traditional buildings - it´s part of House of the Alps. In Czech republic was this house located only in city Volary and village Dobrá. variant of House of Alps brought to the South Bohemia colonists from the Tyrol. House is very broad with courtyard balcony. Living and farming spaces are under the one roof.

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  • House of Jizera region Pojizeří

    House of Jizera region is subtype of House of North Bohemia and is located in mountain parts and at the foothills of Jizerské Hory and partially of Krkonoše. This form of folk house is often very representativ. Very typical is pocked out shield of boards with rich decoration.

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